Green supply chain management (GSCM) involves sustainable environmental processes built into conventional supply chains — from manufacturing to operations to end-of-life management — incorporating the principle of 4R1D (reduce, reuse, recycle, reclaim and degradable).
Supply chain sustainability aims to reduce the impact of factors such as pollutants, deforestation, ozone depletion and global warming affecting the environment. Solutions could range from intelligent packaging such as from using right-sized packaging boxes, avoiding oversized boxes for smaller consignments to using recyclable paper pads as replacement for plastic packaging.
The other big revolution that’s slowly picking is the use of electric-powered fleet instead of fossil fuel-based fleet to lower carbon emissions. However, EVs can also provide better performance in terms of maintenance and longer range per charge.
Manufacturing industries bring onboard suppliers that have a proven track record of implementing green practices in their offices and processes, thereby incorporating environmental consciousness as a factor or metric for supplier selection.